A BRAIN TUMOR

A BRAIN TUMOR

For many people, the diagnosis of a brain tumor sounds like a death sentence. But the point is, not every tumor is cancer, and not every cancer is necessarily fatal. And, if you understand how the body works, how the tumor affects it and how to treat it, the patient will, together with doctors, fight the disease.

What is a brain tumor?
A malignant tumor is a newly formed tissue from cells that have an altered genetic apparatus. That is, cells divide continuously and uncontrollably. Moreover, they themselves in the process of division lose their functions. Neoplasms from such cells begin to squeeze neighboring areas of the brain, grow into healthy tissues, so the brain can no longer function fully.

Benign cancer, unlike malignant cancer, does not grow into adjacent tissues, although it can squeeze them. Also, her cells partially retain their original functions, so she is not so dangerous.

A subtentorial brain tumor is either benign or malignant formations in those areas that are below the cerebellum. It can grow from different types of brain tissue. Depending on the tissue, the following types of tumors are distinguished:

medulloblastoma
cerebellar astrocytoma
ependymoma
brain stem glioma
Brain tumors are primary (directly from brain cells) and secondary (metastases of malignant tumors that are outside the brain.

Brain tumor: symptoms
There are two types of symptoms: cerebral and focal.

General cerebral – the consequences of increased intracranial pressure and compression of parts of the brain. These symptoms, which may not be due to a tumor:

nausea and vomiting, especially in the morning, which does not depend on food intake;
headache;
dizziness.
Focal – symptoms that indicate a tumor focus:

sensitivity disorders – a tumor in the area that is responsible for sensitivity;
lack of coordination – a neoplasm in the area responsible for coordination;
seizures
Other violations can also be observed:

memory;
hearing;
movements;
intelligence;
speech;
as well as visual and auditory hallucinations.
These are just a few of the possible symptoms.

Remember: if you are diagnosed with brain cancer, your main weapon is information. From the very beginning, you must understand correctly what is happening and who can help. Contact only a specialist who has relevant experience and deep knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the brain – a neurosurgeon. The specialists of our clinic for subtentorial neurosurgery have extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors.

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