Treatment of medulloblastoma

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Medulloblastoma is a malignant tumor located in the posterior cranial fossa in the cerebellum. The term "blastoma" is applied to those tumors that have a high degree of malignancy - their cells are such that it is difficult to determine what functions they performed before they were reborn. Experts call this a pronounced degree of anaplasia. This tumor is mainly found in children, and its peculiarity is that it can metastasize, not only within the nervous system, but also in other organs and bones of the skeleton.

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The symptoms of medulloblastoma vary from patient to patient. Symptoms of medulloblastoma include:

  • Headaches, which may be worse in the morning and get better during the day
  • Nausea or vomiting in the morning
  • Problems with motor skills, such as clumsiness or poor handwriting
  • Tiredness
  • Tilting the head to one side
  • Walking difficulty and balance problems
One or more of the following diagnostic tests may be used to find out if you have medulloblastoma and if it has spread. These tests also may be used to find out if treatment is working.

Imaging tests, including:
  • CT (computed tomography) scans
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the brain and spine
  • PET (positive emission tomography) scan

Surgery: If an MRI or CT of the brain shows a tumor in the lower part of the back of the brain, medulloblastoma may be a possibility. In an operation called a craniotomy, all or part of the brain tumor is removed. This is needed to confirm the diagnosis and is the first step of treatment. If tumor removal is not possible, a biopsy may be needed. In a biopsy, a small sample is removed from the tumor and looked at with a microscope to confirm the diagnosis.
Medulloblastoma treatment almost always includes surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible as safely as possible to minimize damaging the surrounding brain tissue. Studies have shown that if doctors remove more of the tumor, the chances for successful treatment and improved survival are better.

In addition, surgery may be required to treat a condition called hydrocephalus. This occurs when the tumor blocks the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) surrounding the brain and spine. In this situation, doctors may perform a procedure to divert the CSF.

Like all surgeries, brain tumor surgery is most successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the particular procedure. This is especially true with brain tumors, because it is crucial to remove as much of the tumor as possible while leaving intact as much brain function as possible.
More information about the diagnosis can be found at the link MEDULLOBLASTOMA
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When applying to our clinic, it is desirable to have:

MRI scans, doctor's opinion, tests

Doctor of Medical Sciences, head of department
Work experience: 32 years
Candidate of medical sciences, Doctor-neurosurgeon
Work experience: 34 years
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Doctor-neurosurgeon
Work experience: 26 years

Work experience: 12 years


Sholina Ksenia
4 years have passed, and our whole family remembers with the same trepidation the miracle that the dear Vladimir Olegovich did for us. When everyone refused, he took and saved my life ...
Bilda Valentyn
I would like to thank my savior, Fedirko Vladimir Olegovich and the entire team for the removal of subtentorial neurooncology. Separately, I thank my guardian angel, Oksana, who did not leave me, day and night.
Kutovaya Elena
Low bow to all the medical staff, especially Vladimir Olegovich Fedirko. In 2012, my mother was operated on with a diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia. We arrived in Kiev without even a referral and Vladimir Olegovich heard us and appointed the day of the operation.
Maltseva Victoria
Our family is truly grateful to Vladimirovich Olegovich and the entire team of the clinic for their professional work. Behind this familiar "thank you" is actually an ocean of our and my mother's hopes, worries, fears, sleepless nights ... We have never regretted our decision. Thank you.
Andriychuk Viktoria
Thanks for the golden hands and invaluable knowledge to Vladimir Olegovich Fedirko, as well as to the entire team of the clinic! After a successfully and professionally performed surgery in 2014, this year I became a mother!
Institute of Neurosurgery
The Clinic of Subtentorial Neurooncology of the Institute of Neurosurgery was founded in 1988 as a subdivision of the Department of Neurooncology of the Institute of Neurosurgery named after A.P. Romodanova
Best Neurosurgeons
Every year the clinic staff performs more than 500 complex operations at a modern, highly professional level
Complex Operations
Treatment of neurosurgical diseases of the posterior fossa, brainstem, craniobasal localization, cranial nerves and other complex localizations
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We are always ready to study in detail your case in the initial examination mode in inoperable hours.
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After treatment, our patients remain under supervision for life.
When applying to our clinic, it is desirable to have:

MRI scans, doctor's opinion, tests

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